124 BYZANTINE CHURCHES CHAP. alone is not sufficient to identify the building. Phenerel Isa Mesjedi satisfies that condition equally well. But what turns the balance of evidence in its favour is that it satisfies also every other condition that held true of the monastery of Lips. That House was closely associated with the monastery of Kyra Martha3 as Phrantzes2 expressly declaress and as may be inferred from the narratives of the Russian pilgrims.3 That being sos the position of Kyra Martha 5-MARV PANACI1RANTO5 DETAILS OF THE SHAFTS IN TH£ CAST ...WINDOWS Of THE SOUTH_, CHURCH ,,, ........ia -:_.. ;'_:___L_.:."_ .-'•__•'::__£__^__4&_'.i!!r.-f "•.* «X«. - :• ;/,/-f ^:r:;-_>^ _r>-^r^ FIG. 41. will determine likewise that of the monastery of Lips. Now5 Kyra Martha lay to the south of the Holy Apostles, For it was reached3 says the anonymous pilgrim of the fifteenth century4 £en descendent (du couvent) des Ap6tres dans la direction du midi' ; while Stephen of Novgorod5 reached the Holy Apostles in proceeding northwards from the Kyra Martha. Hence the monastery of Lips lay to the south of the Holy Apostles, as Phener^flsa Mesjedi stands to the south of the mosque 1 Theoph. Cont. p. 371. 2 Page 141. 3 Itin. russes, pp. 205, 234. 4 Ibid. p. 234. 5 Ibid. p. 122.